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Observations

In the client applications of the project "Physiological Avatar" available logging parameter measurements of your body.

Logbook consists of individual packages of observations. The package of observations is a set of parameter measurements of the body and medical tests made around the same time. Packages of observations are input units for the factory of identification. Create a package of observations is the first step in creating PhA.

Packet types of observations

  • Minimal

    The recommended minimum Package observations. PhA, created on the basis of observations of this package will have a low degree of confidence. Observations are easily accessible to all and do not require complicated measurements and analyzes.

    # Observation* Unit Comment
    1. Body mass kg Observation is optional for all packages.
    2. Heart rate beats per min Observation is optional for all packages.
    3. Blood hemoglobin kg/l Observation is recommended for all packages.
    4. Systolic blood pressure mm Hg Observation is recommended for all packages.
    5. Diastolic blood pressure mm Hg Observation is recommended for all packages.
    Observations are made in conditions of absolute rest of the body. Observations 2, 4, 5 are made simultaneously.
  • Fitness

    Recommended Package of observations for people engaged in sports or fitness. PhA created on the basis of observations of the package will have a sufficient degree of reliability for monitoring anaerobic threshold values and zones of aerobic and anaerobic stress. The required set of of observations will be available to you in the presence of the laboratory of Sports Medicine.

    # Observation* Unit Comment
    1. Body mass kg Observation is optional for all packages.
    2. Heart rate beats per min Observation is optional for all packages.
    3. Blood hemoglobin kg/l Observation is recommended for all packages.
    4. Systolic blood pressure mm Hg Observation is recommended for all packages.
    5. Diastolic blood pressure mm Hg Observation is recommended for all packages.
    6. Arterial oxygen saturation %/100 Measured using a pulse oximeter.
    7. Blood lactate concentration mmol/l Measured by any available method for the laboratory, such as blood samples.
    8. Average rate of increase in blood lactate concentration mmol/l/min Is set to 0, since the anaerobic threshold is not exceeded a priori and the body is in a stable condition on lactate.
    9. Duration of mechanical systole of the left ventricle sec Determined by analyzing the ECG. If no is given by the formula: 18 / HR, where HR-heart rate.
    10. Duration of mechanical systole of the right ventricle sec Determined by analyzing the ECG. If no is given by the formula: 18 / HR, where HR-heart rate.
    11. Power exercise W Power of the body during exercise, mounted on a stationary bike or treadmill.
    Observations 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10 are made simultaneously after 10 minutes of physical activity a small dosage intensity at which anaerobic threshold obviously can not be exceeded.
  • Fitness +

    Differs from the package "Fitness" presence of an additional measurement of cardiac output. Recommended Package of observations for athletes in cyclic sports or people involved in fitness with a high level of physical activity. PhA created on the basis of observations of the package will have a high degree of reliability for monitoring anaerobic threshold values and zones of aerobic and anaerobic stress. The required set of of observations will be available to you in the presence of the laboratory of Sports Medicine.

    # Observation* Unit Comment
    1. Body mass kg Observation is optional for all packages.
    2. Heart rate beats per min Observation is optional for all packages.
    3. Blood hemoglobin kg/l Observation is recommended for all packages.
    4. Systolic blood pressure mm Hg Observation is recommended for all packages.
    5. Diastolic blood pressure mm Hg Observation is recommended for all packages.
    6. Arterial oxygen saturation %/100 Measured using a pulse oximeter.
    7. Blood lactate concentration mmol/l Measured by any available method for the laboratory, such as blood samples.
    8. Average rate of increase in blood lactate concentration mmol/l/min Is set to 0, since the anaerobic threshold is not exceeded a priori and the body is in a stable condition on lactate.
    9. Duration of mechanical systole of the left ventricle sec Determined by analyzing the ECG. If no is given by the formula: 18 / HR, where HR-heart rate.
    10. Duration of mechanical systole of the right ventricle sec Determined by analyzing the ECG. If no is given by the formula: 18 / HR, where HR-heart rate.
    11. Power exercise W Power of the body during exercise, mounted on a stationary bike or treadmill.
    12. Heart output l/min Measured by any available non-invasive method such as rheography.
    Observations 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12 are made simultaneously after 10 minutes of physical activity a small dosage intensity at which anaerobic threshold obviously can not be exceeded.
  • Sport Pro

    Differs from the package "Fitness +" presence of additional measurements of oxygen consumption and composition of exhaled air. Recommended Package of observations for professional athletes and coaches in cyclic sports. PhA, created on the basis of observations of this package will have a high degree of reliability for monitoring the value of the anaerobic threshold, aerobic and anaerobic zones loads and planning of the training process. The required set of of observations will be available to you in the presence of sports medicine laboratory with high-tech equipment.

    # Observation* Unit Comment
    1. Body mass kg Observation is optional for all packages.
    2. Heart rate beats per min Observation is optional for all packages.
    3. Blood hemoglobin kg/l Observation is recommended for all packages.
    4. Systolic blood pressure mm Hg Observation is recommended for all packages.
    5. Diastolic blood pressure mm Hg Observation is recommended for all packages.
    6. Arterial oxygen saturation %/100 Measured using a pulse oximeter.
    7. Blood lactate concentration mmol/l Measured by any available method for the laboratory, such as blood samples.
    8. Average rate of increase in blood lactate concentration mmol/l/min Is set to 0, since the anaerobic threshold is not exceeded a priori and the body is in a stable condition on lactate.
    9. Duration of mechanical systole of the left ventricle sec Determined by analyzing the ECG. If no is given by the formula: 18 / HR, where HR-heart rate.
    10. Duration of mechanical systole of the right ventricle sec Determined by analyzing the ECG. If no is given by the formula: 18 / HR, where HR-heart rate.
    11. Power exercise W Power of the body during exercise, mounted on a stationary bike or treadmill.
    12. Heart output l/min Measured by any available non-invasive method such as rheography.
    13. Respiratory quotient Measured using a gas analyzer / spirometer.
    14. Oxygen consumption (VO2) ml/sek Measured using a gas analyzer / spirometer.
    Observations 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14 are made simultaneously after 10 minutes of physical activity a small dosage intensity at which anaerobic threshold obviously can not be exceeded.
  • Cardiologist

    Package of observations, recommended for medical and physiological research and practical medicine. PhA, created on the basis of observations of this package is used to solve complex problems, such as determining blood volume or the volume of blood loss during surgery. Set of observations is available only in a specialized cardiology, surgery or intensive care unit.

    # Observation* Unit Comment
    1. Body mass kg Observation is optional for all packages.
    2. Heart rate beats per min Observation is optional for all packages.
    3. Blood hemoglobin kg/l Observation is recommended for all packages.
    4. Systolic blood pressure mm Hg Preferably invasive measurement with the pressure sensor.
    5. Diastolic blood pressure mm Hg Preferably invasive measurement with the pressure sensor.
    6. Systemic venous pressure mm Hg Measured using invasive pressure sensor.
    7. Arterial oxygen saturation %/100 Measured using a pulse oximeter.
    8. Venous oxygen saturation %/100 Analysis of a sample of venous blood.
    9. Blood lactate concentration mmol/l Measured by any available method for the laboratory, such as blood samples.
    10. Average rate of increase in blood lactate concentration mmol/l/min Serial analysis of venous lactate two blood samples at intervals of a few minutes. If known a priori, that the body is in a stable state for lactate, it is set to 0.
    11. Blood pH Analysis of a sample of venous blood.
    12. Duration of mechanical systole of the left ventricle sec Determined by analyzing the ECG. If no is given by the formula: 18 / HR, where HR-heart rate.
    13. Duration of mechanical systole of the right ventricle sec Determined by analyzing the ECG. If no is given by the formula: 18 / HR, where HR-heart rate.
    14. Body temperature °C
    15. Heart output l/min Measured by any available non-invasive method such as rheography.
    Observations are made in conditions of absolute rest of the body in the ICU.